The HydroSolar project, co-funded by the European Fund for Regional Development, by the Italian State and the Autonomous Province of Trento, aims to design and implement a newly developed photovoltaic system to be placed on fresh and salt water reservoirs to produce energy in a more efficient and environmentally friendly way. Compared to traditional photovoltaic systems positioned on land, the production of a floating system is superior and does not occupy valuable space that could be used for agriculture, production and residential activities.
The technology is based on an innovative floating platform that takes into account resistance to atmospheric agents, specifically wind and waves. The bell-shaped arrangement of the photovoltaic modules in an East-West facing direction avoids the issue of shading between the rows of the modules and creates less wind resistance, thus increasing the safety and reliability of the system.
The expected results from the use of this photovoltaic application are:
- greater energy production compared to traditional ground systems due to the albedo effect generated by water reflection, which can reach up to 40% depending on the implementations adopted (cooling of the photovoltaic modules, solar tracking).
- limiting the proliferation of algae through the shading of the body of water.
- less water evaporation from the reservoir and therefore conservation of the increasingly precious water resource.